Glossary

Glossary terms
Click one of the letters above to advance the page to terms beginning with that letter.

A

AB

Authoritative Bodies. One of four ways a chemical can be added to the Proposition 65 list. See "How Chemicals are Added to the Proposition 65 List"

AB-IARC

The World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), an organization designated as an "authoritative body" (AB) by the CIC or DART Identification Committee, has identified the chemical as causing cancer or reproductive toxicity.

AB-NIOSH

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), an organization designated as an "authoritative body" (AB) by the CIC or DART Identification Committee, has identified the chemical as causing cancer or reproductive toxicity. NIOSH is part of the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

AB-NTP

NTP, an organization designated as an "authoritative body" (AB) by the CIC or DART Identification Committee, has identified the chemical as causing cancer or reproductive toxicity (the NTP-Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction specifically evaluates reproductive toxicity).

AB-US EPA

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), an organization designated as an "authoritative body" (AB) by the CIC or DART Identification Committee, has identified the chemical as causing cancer or reproductive toxicity.

AB-US FDA

US FDA, an organization designated as an "authoritative body" (AB) by the CIC or DART Identification Committee, has identified the chemical as causing cancer or reproductive toxicity.

Aerosol

A suspension of liquid or solid particles in air. Examples include haze, dust, and smoke.

C

Cancer

A collection of related diseases in which some cells in the body begin to abnormally divide without stopping, and often spread into surrounding tissues.

Carcinogen

An agent that can cause cancer. Can be chemical, physical or biological.

Carcinogenesis

The process through which cancer is produced, with normal cells transformed into cancer cells.

CIC

Carcinogen Identification Committee. A group of expert scientists appointed by the Governor to identify chemicals that have been shown to cause cancer. See "How Chemicals are Added to the Proposition 65 List".

D

DART

Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant.

DART Identification Committee (or DARTIC)

Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant Identification Committee. A group of expert scientists appointed by the Governor to identify chemicals that have been shown to cause reproductive toxicity. See "How Chemicals are Added to the Proposition 65 List".

Developmental Effects

Effects that occur when a chemical causes adverse effects on the developing embryo, fetus, or child resulting from exposure during or before pregnancy.

Developmental Toxicity

Occurs when a chemical causes adverse effects on the developing embryo, fetus, or child resulting from exposure during or before pregnancy.

Dose

The amount of a substance taken into the body, for example, from contaminated air, water, food, or soil, over a given period of time.

E

Effects on female reproductive systems

Effects that occur when a chemical damages any aspect of a female's ability to reproduce, eventually resulting in interference with the ability to conceive or to sustain a successful pregnancy. Damage may be to any organ or part of the body involved in reproduction, including the gonads and parts of the nervous and hormonal systems that influence reproduction.

Effects on male reproductive systems

Occurs when a chemical damages any aspect of a male's ability to reproduce, eventually resulting in interference with the ability to father offspring. Damage may be to any organ or part of the body involved in reproduction, including the gonads and parts of the nervous and hormonal systems that influence reproduction.

Exposure

Coming into contact with a substance, for example by swallowing, breathing, or touching the skin or eyes.

F

Female reproductive toxicity

Occurs when a chemical damages any aspects of a female's ability to reproduce, eventually resulting in interference with the ability to conceive or to sustain a successful pregnancy. Damage may be to any organ or part of the body involved in reproduction, including the gonads and parts of the nervous and hormonal systems that influence reproduction.

FR

Formally Required. One of four ways a chemical can be added to the Proposition 65 list. See "How Chemicals are Added to the Proposition 65 List"

I

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer, the specialized cancer agency of the World Health Organization.

L

LC

California Labor Code sections 6382(b)(1) and 6382(d), one of four ways a chemical can be added to the list under Proposition 65. See "How Chemicals are Added to the Proposition 65 List"

M

MADL

Maximum Allowable Dose Level, a safe harbor level for a chemical causing reproductive toxicity.

Male reproductive toxicity

Occurs when a chemical damages any aspects of a male's ability to reproduce, eventually resulting in interference with the ability to father offspring. Damage may be to any organ or part of the body involved in reproduction, including the gonads and parts of the nervous and hormonal systems that influence reproduction.

N

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, the US federal agency that conducts research and makes recommendations to prevent worker injury and illness.

NSRL

No Significant Risk Level, a safe harbor level for a cancer-causing chemical.

NTP

National Toxicology Program, an interagency program established in 1978 to coordinate toxicology research and testing across the US Department of Health and Human Services.

O

OAL

Office of Administrative Law, the California agency responsible for reviewing administrative regulations proposed by other California state agencies and overseeing the publication and distribution of the California Code of Regulations and the California Regulatory Notice Register.

R

Reproductive Harm

Reproductive Harm occurs when a chemical interferes with the ability to produce normal, healthy offspring. This includes effects on the female and male reproductive systems, and effects on the developing embryo, fetus, or child, resulting from exposure during pregnancy. Under Proposition 65, "reproductive toxicity" includes "developmental toxicity," "female reproductive toxicity," and "male reproductive toxicity".

Reproductive Toxicant

An agent that can cause reproductive toxicity.

Reproductive Toxicity

Reproductive toxicity occurs when a chemical interferes with the ability to produce normal, healthy offspring. This includes effects on the female and male reproductive systems, and effects on the developing embryo, fetus, or child, resulting from exposure during pregnancy. Under Proposition 65, "reproductive toxicity" includes "developmental toxicity," "female reproductive toxicity," and "male reproductive toxicity".

S

Safe Harbor Levels

Levels that provide "safe harbor" for businesses subject to the requirements of Proposition 65. Exposure levels and discharges to drinking water sources that are below the safe harbor levels are exempt from the requirements of Proposition 65. Safe harbor levels include No Significant Risk Levels (NSRLs) for cancer-causing chemicals and Maximum Allowable Dose Levels (MADLs) for chemicals causing reproductive toxicity.

SQE

State's Qualified Experts, one of four ways a chemical can be added to the list under Proposition 65. See "How Chemicals are Added to the Proposition 65 List". The CIC and DARTIC serve as the State's Qualified Experts for Proposition 65.

Susceptibility

The degree to which a person or a population is sensitive to an exposure. Examples of factors that can affect susceptibility include genes, gender, age, stage of development, and state of health.

T

Toxicity

The extent to which a substance is harmful.

U

US EPA

US Environmental Protection Agency, an agency of the federal government that protects human health and the environment in several ways, for example, by developing and enforcing regulations, giving grants, and studying environmental issues.

US FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, an agency of the federal government that protects public health by regulating foods, human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products and medical devices, cosmetics, dietary supplements, tobacco products, and products that give off radiation.


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